Unit submissions and planned submissions by NYIP Student Bruce Warner for assignments by Unit

Bruce Warner

Photo 3 - Outdoor Vista


This is one of my favorite spots in DC. With the Jefferson Memorial on the left and the wide expanse of nature that is surrounded by government, commerce, and traffic. It's a true oasis in the heart of the Nation's Capital.

Photograph a beautiful outdoor vista. Later in your Course you will receive complete training in travel and landscape photography, but you are ready to get your feet wet. Your location can be in the city or country, at sea, in a forest or the mountains–any outdoor scene you choose. Your objective is to produce a picture that gives a feeling of distance–a feeling of near or far.


The subject of this picture is the wonderful view that stretches as far as the eye can see. To achieve this effect, we want you to use the greatest depth of field you can.


How do you get the greatest possible depth of field? The knowledgeable amateur would probably set his lens at its smallest aperture and focus on infinity. That's pretty good...but you can do better. The professional– you!–may be able to set your lens for its hyperfocal distance. As you may recall, this means that you will use the Depth of Field Scale on the lens as follows:


    Set the lens to its smallest aperture–say, ƒ/16.

    Set the distance to infinity.

    Now rotate the barrel back until the ƒ/16 marker on the right side of the Depth of Field Scale lines up with the infinity marker.


At this point you've achieved the hyperfocal distance setting, and you will have the greatest possible depth of field in your picture.


If your lens does not have depth-of-scale markings–and, alas, most don't today–use the smallest aperture you possibly can–ƒ/16 or ƒ/22, or whatever your lens permits. If you cannot select aperture, try the "Landscape" mode, since this usually has the greatest depth of field. If your camera doesn't have any of these controls, but is autofocus, try to focus on an object that is about ten feet away, but don't forget to also include nearer and farther objects in the frame. If your camera has none of these controls and is not autofocus, position yourself about four feet away from the "near" object and aim at the distance.


Only affiliation with the New York Institute of Photography is that I am a student in the Complete Course in Professional Photography. I highly recommend the institute for your photographic training if you are interesting in taking professional quality photographs, can't get to a regular classroom, and/or want to enroll in the only distance learning school in the top 5 rated photography schools in the USA.